The Institute of Experimental Morphology and Anthropology with Museum is a leading institute in the field of morphological sciences and anthropology in   Bulgaria. 
In the last two decades important results have been ob­tained in the study of the development, cell-cell interactions and the control of gametogenesis and hemopoesis in normal and experimental conditions (influence of hormonal and paracrine factors, chemical and physical agents, drugs). Original data have been obtained on the biochemical and morphological changes occurring in the brain and in the pe­ripheral nervous' system during development (synaptogenesis, myelinogenesis) and in various experimental models (demyelinization, transsection and regeneration of the spinal cord, action of neurotropic substances, etc.). New methods with scientific and applied characteristics have been developed: methods for histochemical demonstration of hydrolase enzymes in the cells; production of monoclonal antibodies against some viruses and rickettsiae causing tick encephalomyelitis and yellow fever; a method for cryoconservation of the eye cornea, etc. 
Medical, biological and anthropological ergonomic characterization of modern population groups have been performed together with the development of basic standards BSS; paleoanthropological, paleopathological, paleodemographic characteristics. 


  • Light and electron microscopy, histochemical, immunocytochemical and enzymochemical methods 
  • Biochemical methods for the study of lipids and proteins 
  • Cell, tissue and organ culture methods 
  • Hybridoma biotechnology, ELISA, etc. 


  • Transmission and scanning electron microscopes 
  • Lamin air boxes and CO2 incubators for tissue cultures 
  • Preparative ultracentrifuge, equipment for gas, liquid and thin layer chromatography 
  • Electrophoretic and transblot equipment 
  • Spectrophotometer, densitometer, etc. 


Scientific staff — 47 persons: 1 corresponding member of BAS, 6 professors with DSc degree, 20 assoc. professors, 32 have PhD degrees  
The IEMAM was founded in 1995. It is the scientific successor to the Institute of Morphology founded in 1953.